Cultural Studies are an important part of the
Montessori teaches culture through biology, geography, history, botany, zoology, music, and art. These subjects are taught through hands-on child-directed activities found in the Cultural Studies area of the prepared environment.
By exploring the subjects covered in Cultural Studies, children learn about the interconnectedness of all life. So, what exactly is Cultural Studies, and how is it taught in a
Cultural Studies in the
Cultural studies in early childhood is a unique aspect of the
Cultural Studies is taught through the use of hands-on
New concepts in Cultural Studies are first introduced by the Montessori guide, in the form of dramatic stories. These lessons are designed to spark the children’s imagination and interest. The stories are usually accompanied by a tangible object or sensory experience to help the children understand the concept being taught in the lesson.
Cultural Study materials cover each area of the Cultural Studies curriculum. Often, the subject material of the subjects covered in Cultural Studies overlaps, which is why, in
Cultural studies explore different cultures in a way that introduces children to what people in other parts of the world wear, how they speak, what they eat, what they see and create.
Cultural Studies are taught through the use of great lessons, which form the basis and core of the Cultural Studies curriculum. These lessons are introduced at the beginning of the year. The lessons are:
- The Creation of the Universe, which describes how our universe came into existence.
- The Coming of Humans, explains how humans evolved and why we are different from other animals.
- Communication in Signs, which discusses how humans developed written language.
- Story of Numbers, which explains how humans developed mathematics.
The subjects in cultural studies are taught in the following way:
History: Using the
Geography: Physical geography is taught by introducing children to the names of the continents and what countries lie within the continents. Children learn about the different types of land and water formations in the world.
Cultural Geography: Cultural geography refers to the geography, climate, fauna, and flora of the different regions of the world. The subject also includes how these factors affect the people who inhabit those regions. Children learn the flags of each country and what language is spoken.
Zoology: Children learn to classify animals. Children learn about the different families of animals within the animal kingdom, the basic characteristics of each group, and how they survive. Children learn the different body parts of each animal. Often there is an animal in the
Botany: Children learn to identify plants by recognizing the characteristics of the many different types of plants, such as leaf shape, color, size, etc. Through the study of botany, children learn how plants grow, where they grow, and why. As with animals, children learn about botany through the observation of the life cycle of plants in the classroom and in nature.
Music & Art: Music and art fall under the Cultural Studies category. Songs and dances are introduced when learning about different cultural regions. Art is used as an accompaniment to the other cultural studies subjects, for example, if a child would like to paint a picture of a plant or animal they have learned about or observed. Art from around the globe is used to show children the different styles found within different cultures.
Cultural Studies are taught in
Cultural studies aim to answer the child’s questions of ‘who am I?’, and ‘Where did I come from?.’ The
The Cultural Studies curriculum aims to take advantage of the natural sense of wonder and curiosity children possess when examining the world around them.
During Cultural Studies, children learn about the different continents and countries of the world, but also about the people, fauna, and flora that live there. Cultural studies explore the different customs, food, language, clothing, and rituals of the many different cultures that shape our world.
As children grow and move to the next level, the focus of the Cultural Studies curriculum shifts slightly. In later grades, the focus is on showing the children that they are a part of a global community.
“There must be provision for the child to have contact with nature; to understand and appreciate the order, the harmony and the beauty in nature.”– Dr. Maria
Each subject that falls under the umbrella of Cultural Studies has a collection of carefully designed
One activity used to teach Geography in early childhood involves the use of two globes. The first globe shows the different water and land areas of the world. The land is shown as brown sandpaper, and the water is smooth and blue. The second globe is to introduce children to the seven continents of the world. Each continent is given a distinct color.
There is a continuation of the colors used in the wooden puzzle maps of the continents and countries of the world. Guides then show the children culture-specific materials that correspond to the countries or continents. These materials include food and photographs of landmarks. Guides even play music from the region.
The study of history can be incorporated during some of the geography activities and lessons. History begins with helping children to understand time as a measurable unit. Children are first introduced to this concept through the Birthday Walk. This is a favorite activity in the
The Birthday Walk involves a globe and a candle. The activity is done a few days before a child’s birthday. The child walks around the globe holding the candle the same amount of times as their age. The candle represents the sun. After they have done this, the child shows the class pictures of themself at every age. These pictures are then displayed on a classroom wall in the form of a timeline.
One of the earliest activities children in a
Science is introduced by exploring objects found in nature such as rocks and shells. Children examine these items under a magnifying glass. Simple experiments are performed with the objects, such as seeing if the object will sink or float.
When studying zoology, children are introduced to the subject by first understanding the difference between living and non-living things. A Zoology activity would be organizing photographs and objects into groups based on if they are living or non-living.
Music and art are important cultural studies subjects, as all humans dance, sing, and create art. A music activity that can be found in the
Art is included in various ways throughout the Montessori classroom. For example, it can be used when teaching geography. When working through a continent puzzle, questions surrounding artists are asked, “such as what artists lived there?”, “Is there a famous painting from the region?”, “what museums are there?”.
In addition to drawing, painting, and sculpting, there are several other crafting activities that students can participate in. Some practical life activities fall under art or crafting, such as cutting, sewing, and weaving.
The Cultural Area of the
Within the area, you might find a history table, which holds a collection of items related to the concepts in the history curriculum. History cards that deal with the needs of humans are another material often found in the Culture Area.
The Cultural Area is where the large knobbed wooden puzzles are kept. Here you will find the colorful continent puzzles and the puzzles that complement the topics covered in botany and zoology.
The area may have multicultural posters adorning the walls, as well as timelines of the lives of children in the classroom. It is the area in the prepared environment where children can engage in hands-on experimentation with objects such as rocks and shells or draw the different components of a flower.
Cultural Studies in