How Are Puzzles Used in Montessori?


From simple wooden shapes to 1000-piece jigsaws of the Eiffel Tower, puzzles are great toys for children of all ages! But are puzzles aligned with the Montessori method?

The short answer is: Yes, puzzles are highly aligned to the Montessori method. Any Montessori toy should be simple, functional, based in reality, and (ideally) made of natural materials. Puzzles check all of these boxes! Additionally, puzzles help your child independently work on a variety of important developmental skills. It doesn’t get much more Montessori than that!

So, how can puzzles be best used in Montessori? Read on to find out!

Wooden World Map Puzzle Montessori
World Map Puzzle from Etsy

Choosing the Right Puzzles for Your Child

In Montessori, it’s important to always meet your child at their own developmental level. This is so they can engage safely and constructively in self-directed play, or “work” as it’s called by Maria Montessori. This means that, when choosing a puzzle for your child, you should think carefully about how different puzzles can support your child’s development.

What does this look like?

Think about your child’s interests and the skills they’ve been working towards recently. Has your two year old been doing a lot of grabbing and sorting lately? Consider getting them a simple, tactile puzzle that’s easy for small hands to grab and hold to help them develop their spatial confidence.

Is your four year old honing their fine motor skills and showing interest in learning about their body? Find a puzzle that can teach them about anatomy while also encouraging them to fit together more complex shapes.

Has your nine year old’s spatial reasoning taken off and you want to find a fun, new way to challenge them? Consider a 3D puzzle that will help them explore complex patterns and movement.

The examples given here are specifically Montessori, meaning that they are simple, functional, made of natural materials, and relate to something in real life. However, any puzzle can be Montessori as long as you’re intentional about choosing one that’s right for your child’s developmental needs and interests.

Introducing Your Child to a Montessori Puzzle

So, you’ve found the perfect Montessori puzzle for your child. What’s next?

When introducing any new toy to your child, the Montessori approach is to allow the child to explore the toy with minimal adult guidance.

Introducing puzzles can look differently depending on the child’s age and developmental level. However, there are a few Montessori guidelines you will want to stick to. First, you’ll want to make sure that your child is ready for a new toy. This means that they have started to become bored with the toys they already have (for more on this, read about Montessori toy rotation) and that they are calm and ready to safely explore something new. Next, you want to make sure that the area your child is in is free of distraction. The new puzzle should be their focus.

Once your child is ready and your space is free of distractions, it’s time to introduce the puzzle! You can do this in a couple of different ways to stay true to the Montessori method.

Parts of a Tree Puzzle from Elite Montessori

If your child is immediately curious about the toy (and perhaps already familiar with puzzles), you can simply place the puzzle in front of them and allow them to explore it independently. See if they can figure out how it works on their own before you step in to model. This strategy not only inspires confidence and independence in your child, it also gives you a lot of insight into how they approach learning about something new!

If your child is completely unfamiliar with puzzles or seems unsure about how to approach the toy, you can model how to use it for them. The crucial difference with Montessori modeling is that it should be entirely non-verbal. Instead of telling your child how they can use the puzzle, show them how the puzzle works. You can do this by silently going through some of the basic motions of putting a puzzle together.

Pick up two pieces that don’t fit together and try to put them together, showing how it doesn’t work. Then, look for pieces that do go together and model joining those pieces together. After you model for a couple of minutes, take the puzzle apart and allow your child to try. Remember, let them watch you do the work of putting the puzzle together; don’t explain to them how to do it! This way, their minds are still actively engaged in the learning process with you.

The Montessori Benefits of Puzzles

So, what makes puzzles such a great toy for Montessori?

Beyond the fact that they’re aligned with the Montessori method, puzzles have many wonderful cognitive and developmental benefits! Consider all the different skills and tools your child has to draw upon in order to put together even the simplest puzzle:

They engage their fine motor skills to grab and carefully place the pieces; they have to be able to picture the shape of the pieces in their mind in order to figure out how to join them together correctly; they also need to remember these shapes; puzzles can be frustrating, so the puzzler has to self-regulate through that frustration; they will also need to utilize problem-solving skills when they get stuck; puzzles also demand a high level of focus and sustained attention in order to complete.

 So it’s not surprising that puzzles have been proven to help build focus, memory, problem-solving skills, perseverance, and attention-span. No to mention the fact that they’re also a fun and engaging way for children to practice fine motor skills! The benefits of puzzles extend even further than that, though. Some studies show that puzzles have a measurable calming effect and can possibly even prevent cognitive decline.

These benefits aren’t child-specific, so consider breaking out a jigsaw puzzle next time you want to take a mindful moment to yourself!


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Stacy Jones

When I became a foster mother, I started researching different parenting and education ideas. Learning about the Montessori Method has been intriguing and fascinating, and I have enjoyed watching the little ones in my life learn and grow from incorporating Montessori elements into our family's lifestyle. Montessori For Today was started to provide answers to my own questions, which will hopefully become a great resource for others to learn about the Montessori Method, Montessori Schools, and how you can incorporate elements of Montessori into your own home and lifestyle.

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